Diagnoses and treats mental and emotional disorders, whether cognitive, affective, or behavioral, within the context of marriage and family systems. Applies psychotherapeutic and family systems theories and techniques in the delivery of services to individuals, couples, and families for the purpose of treating such diagnosed nervous and mental disorders.
This career is part of the Human Services cluster Counseling and Mental Health Services pathway.
A person in this career:
- Asks questions that will help clients identify their feelings and behaviors.
- Counsels clients on concerns, such as unsatisfactory relationships, divorce and separation, child rearing, home management, or financial difficulties.
- Encourages individuals and family members to develop and use skills and strategies for confronting their problems in a constructive manner.
- Maintains case files that include activities, progress notes, evaluations, and recommendations.
- Develops and implements individualized treatment plans addressing family relationship problems, destructive patterns of behavior, and other personal issues.
- Collects information about clients, using techniques such as testing, interviewing, discussion, or observation.
- Confers with clients to develop plans for posttreatment activities.
- Confers with other counselors, doctors, and professionals to analyze individual cases and to coordinate counseling services.
- Determines whether clients should be counseled or referred to other specialists in such fields as medicine, psychiatry, or legal aid.
- Follows up on results of counseling programs and clients' adjustments to determine effectiveness of programs.