Diagnoses or evaluates mental and emotional disorders of individuals through observation, interview, and psychological tests, and formulates and administers programs of treatment.
This career is part of the Human Services cluster Counseling and Mental Health Services pathway.
A person in this career:
- Interacts with clients to assist them in gaining insight, defining goals, and planning action to achieve effective personal, social, educational, or vocational development and adjustment.
- Identifies psychological, emotional, or behavioral issues and diagnoses disorders, using information obtained from interviews, tests, records, or reference materials.
- Uses a variety of treatment methods, such as psychotherapy, hypnosis, behavior modification, stress reduction therapy, psychodrama, or play therapy.
- Counsels individuals and groups regarding problems, such as stress, substance abuse, or family situations, to modify behavior or to improve personal, social, or vocational adjustment.
- Discusses the treatment of problems with clients.
- Writes reports on clients and maintains required paperwork.
- Consults with or provides consultation to other doctors, therapists, or clinicians regarding patient care.
- Obtains and studies medical, psychological, social, and family histories by interviewing individuals, couples, or families and by reviewing records.
- Evaluates the effectiveness of counseling or treatments and the accuracy and completeness of diagnoses, modifying plans or diagnoses as necessary.
- Selects, administers, scores, and interprets psychological tests to obtain information on individuals' intelligence, achievements, interests, or personalities.