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Floor Layer  What They Do

Just the Facts


Applies blocks, strips, or sheets of shock-absorbing, sound-deadening, or decorative coverings to floors.

This career is part of the Architecture and Construction cluster Construction pathway.


A person in this career:

  • Sweeps, scrapes, sands, or chips dirt and irregularities to clean base surfaces, correcting imperfections that may show through the covering.
  • Cuts flooring material to fit around obstructions.
  • Inspects surface to be covered to ensure that it is firm and dry.
  • Trims excess covering materials, tacks edges, and joins sections of covering material to form tight joint.
  • Forms a smooth foundation by stapling plywood or Masonite over the floor or by brushing waterproof compound onto surface and filling cracks with plaster, putty, or grout to seal pores.
  • Measures and marks guidelines on surfaces or foundations, using chalk lines and dividers.
  • Cuts covering and foundation materials, according to blueprints and sketches.
  • Rolls and presses sheet wall and floor covering into cement base to smooth and finish surface, using hand roller.
  • Applies adhesive cement to floor or wall material to join and adhere foundation material.
  • Lays out, positions, and applies shock-absorbing, sound-deadening, or decorative coverings to floors, walls, and cabinets, following guidelines to keep courses straight and create designs.

Working Conditions and Physical Demands

People who do this job report that:

  • You would often handle loads up to 20 lbs., sometimes up to 50 lbs. You might do a lot of lifting, carrying, pushing or pulling.
  • Work in this occupation involves bending or twisting your body more than one-third of the time
  • Work in this occupation involves use of protective items such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, a hard hat, or personal flotation devices
  • Exposure to pollutants, gases, dust, fumes, odors, poor ventilation, etc.
  • Requires getting into awkward positions
  • Lighting is either extremely bright or inadequate
  • Work in this occupation involves using your hands to hold, control, and feel objects more than one-third of the time
  • Exposed to hazardous equipment such as saws, machinery, or vehicular traffic more than once a month
  • Work in this occupation requires being inside most of the time
  • Work in this occupation involves kneeling, crouching, stooping, and/or crawling more than one-third of the time
  • Sound and noise levels are loud and distracting
  • Work in this occupation involves making repetitive motions more than one-third of the time
  • Work in this occupation involves standing more than one-third of the time

Working in this career involves (physical activities):

  • Bending, stretching, twisting, or reaching
  • Seeing clearly up close
  • Speaking clearly enough to be able to be understood by others
  • Lifting, pushing, pulling, or carrying objects

Work Hours and Travel

  • Regular working hours and limited travel

Specialty and Similar Careers

Careers that are more detailed or close to this career:

  • Floor Covering Contractor --
  • Floor Coverings Installer --
  • Flooring Helper --
  • Flooring Installer --
  • Flooring Mechanic --
  • Tile Installer --
  • Tile Setter --
  • Vinyl Installer --